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Internal Debates Heat Up Over Cooperation with the U.S. or Preparing for Struggle Against Imperialism

Photo: Modern Diplomacy

China is witnessing a profound shift in attitudes towards the United States, with a growing debate among scholars and intelligentsia on whether to pursue cooperation or prepare for a struggle against perceived U.S. imperialism. President Xi Jinping’s recent visit to the U.S. sparked intense discussions, with some declaring it a failure and warning the Chinese people to “prepare for war.” The ideological soul of the Communist Party of China appears to be leaning towards “pro-Americanism,” raising questions about the country’s strategic orientation.

Photo: Modern Diplomacy

Pro-American Sentiment and Debates

Chinese scholars are puzzled by the rise of pro-American sentiment, especially given the recent trade restrictions, tech wars, and the isolationist stance against China. Zhang Zhikun, a prominent commentator, highlights the expanding urban-based social foundation of pro-American forces and debates whether China should prioritize cooperation or engage in ideological struggle against U.S. hegemony. Class attributes, remnants of feudalism, liberalism, and capitalist market forces are cited as factors influencing this shift.

Opinion-debates in China focus on the social foundation of pro-America voices, categorized into those advocating maintaining Sino-U.S. relations, staunchly supporting the U.S., and accepting everything the U.S. says as ideological weapons. The left intelligentsia is actively countering what they perceive as illusions created by the U.S. regarding improved Sino-U.S. relations, attributing it to U.S. preparations for war.

A blog post by Genghis Khan outlines additional factors contributing to pro-American sentiment, including a lack of understanding of U.S. strategic determination, underestimation of a potential China-U.S. war, and a fascination with the U.S. that makes many in China less vigilant towards U.S. imperialism. Leftist intelligentsia counters claims of improved Sino-U.S. relations, attributing it to U.S. tactics in creating conflicts in the South China Sea, Taiwan Strait, and the Korean Peninsula.

READ ALSO: What is China debating? To cooperate with Washington or to prepare for the struggle against US imperialism?

Concerns Over Ideological Shift

Despite global observations of China’s shift towards a strongman ideology, there is a paradoxical concern among the intelligentsia about the loss of ideology among the Chinese populace. Some scholars warn against embracing the U.S.-created disillusion that the U.S. will easily let go of China, emphasizing President Biden’s statements about maintaining U.S. hegemony regardless of China’s position in the global economy.

As China aims to become the world’s leading economy, a popular social media blogger, Hu Maoren, warns against naivety in believing that the U.S. will cease suppressing China. He cites President Biden’s commitment to U.S. hegemony, emphasizing that, regardless of circumstances, the U.S. will persist in suppressing China.

READ ALSO: General Secretary Xi made a major judgment: the stronger the ability and the higher the position of a politically problematic person, the greater the harm!

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